REZIN (Heb. רְצִין), properly Raṣyān, the Hebrew form of Aramaic Raʿyān, "the man of favor," in cuneiform transcription Raḥianu, the last king of aram-damascus (II Kings 15:37; 16:5; Isa. 7:1ff.). His name is attested in a tribute list of Tiglath-Pileser III dating from 734 B.C.E. Shortly after, in alliance with pekah of Israel, he attempted to depose ahaz of Judah and enthrone a rival candidate. This pressure from the north compelled Judah to evacuate definitively the port of Elath in the far south (II Kings 16:6). However, Tiglath-Pileser, being solicited with an enormous payment by Ahaz, attacked Aram and Israel. Upon the capture of Damascus, in 732 B.C.E., Rezin   was killed (II Kings 16:9) and his former kingdom annexed to the Assyrian Empire. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: P. Rost, Tiglat-Pileser (1893), 144; B. Landsberger, Sam'al (1948), 66 n. 169; H. Tadmor, in: Journal of Cuneiform Studies, 12 (1958), 40; idem, in: H.H. Ben-Sasson (ed.), Toledot Am Yisrael bi-Ymei Kedem (1969), 134. (S. David Sperling)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Rezin — Rezin, 800–740 v. Chr. König von Damask …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • REZIN — vide RETZIN …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

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  • Rezin — King of Damascus who paid tribute to Assyria in 738 BCE but later joined an alliance which included Israel to resist Assyria; but Ahaz of Judah, supported by Isaiah (Isa. 7:1–10) rejected his overtures even when he attempted to impose his will by …   Dictionary of the Bible

  • Rezin Bowie — Rezin Pleasant Bowie (8 September 1793 17 January 1841) was an American inventor and designer of the Bowie knife. He also served three terms in the Louisiana Legislature.With his brother James, Bowie smuggled slaves and worked as a land… …   Wikipedia

  • Rezin A. De Bolt — (* 20. Januar 1828 in Basil, Fairfield County, Ohio; † 30. Oktober 1891 in Trenton, Missouri) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker. Zwischen 1875 und 1877 vertrat er den Bundesstaat Missouri im …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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